C2 - The Control of Violence in Civil Wars


Sonderforschungsbereich 700

Governance in Räumen begrenzter Staatlichkeit


Financial support:

Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)


Islands of Security? The control of violence in civil wars

Focus of research and research question:


In areas of limited statehood, security is often provided by non-state actors. Generally, the spatial and temporal supply and demand coincide on different levels (top down / bottom up).

We ask: when, where and under which conditions do non-state actors make security available on the supply-side, and which forms of security governance result from this process within areas of limited statehood?


Collection, integration, and analysis of event data

By maintaining two databases, we collect and analyze geographically and temporally disaggregated data that covers the use of violence and force by non-state actors, and tracks their operating areas. Additionally, we assess the scope and influence of security provided commercially by private military and security companies.