Green Economy

Today’s economy – ranging from its production structures to its consumption patterns - is a driving force of many ecological problems worldwide. In recent years this finding has reached mainstream debates on economic policy in Germany, and also at European and international levels. Resource efficiency, decarbonisation, environmental innovations and the ecological modernization of the economy have been included in the list of objectives by economic policy-makers and are being discussed as a source for new innovation and sustainable growth. A multitude of concepts by various authors are currently competing with each other – ranging from the OECD Green Growth to UNEP's Green Economy or the Sustainable Growth in the European flagship initiative for a resource-efficient Europe – just to name a few. What the concepts have in common is the idea that making changes in the economic structure will not only benefit the economy, but also will reduce their environmental impacts. Individual concepts differ with respect to the question what percentage of the problem solving can be provided through technological innovations (resource efficiency, renewable energies, emissions-free forms of mobility, etc.), or how much cultural change, especially in western industrial societies, is necessary. Many critical contributions place emphasis on the need for such a cultural change, and in light of absolute ecological boundaries call for the departure from the growth orientation of economic policy.
The studies conducted at the FFU on sustainable economic policies and the Green economy cover the various competing concepts, their objectives, instruments and their effects on the environment and on employment. The study of these covers both international comparisons of the various concepts as well as the analysis of concrete individual cases, such as certain policy instruments or policy mixes in specific sectors.

Green Jobs in Asia – Potentials and Prospects

Dr. Klaus Jacob

Jan 01, 2012 — Mar 31, 2012

Environmental catastrophes and forecasts of climate change implications illustrate the risks that are evoked by resource-intensive and environmentally harmful economic models. This is why a transition towards “green growth” is increasingly called for. Environmental technologies are being seen as the motor for an environmentally friendly and sustainable economy. With the due willingness to invest, positive growth and employment effects can be generated so that climate and environment ...

Green Jobs: Employment Effects of a Green Economy

Klaus Jacob

May 01, 2013 — Sep 30, 2013

The transition to a Green Economy is linked to hopes for the generation of additional Green Jobs. Existing empirical evidence on possible employment effects of a Green Economy, in particular in developing countries, is still limited, however. Existing studies are focused on projecting future employment growth. A number of assessments arrive at highly optimistic estimates regarding the number of additional jobs, which the transition to a Green Economy may generate. The UNEP Green Economy Report ...

Horizon Scanning und Trendmonitoring als ein Instrument der Umweltpolitik zur strategischen Früherkennung und efffizienten Politikberatung

Prof. Dr. Miranda Schreurs

Sep 01, 2012 — Aug 31, 2014

Die zentrale Begründung für den Aufbau eines Horizon Scanning Systems liegt in der erkennbaren Beschleunigung ökologischer Prozesse einerseits und sozioökonomischer Veränderungen andererseits. Für die Politik stellt sich damit die Frage, ob reaktiven Kurzatmigkeiten durch frühzeitigere Problembewältigung begegnet werden. Denn speziell die Umweltpolitik in Deutschland ist dem Vorsorgeprinzip und dem Gedanken der generationenübergreifenden Nachhaltigkeit verpflichtet. Das Projekt ...

Rio World Summit on Sustainable Development 2012 - Governance for a Green Economy

Dr. Klaus Jacob,  

Jul 01, 2011 — Sep 30, 2011

In the light of the upcoming Rio 2012 UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), the study explores the stances of European civil society actors on issues related to the Green Economy as part of Sustainable Development. For that purpose, the study discusses the most important streams of debate related to the Green Economy within the context of sustainable development and aims at identifying different discourse within them. Furthermore, it analyses which issues are considered most ...