Ente Nazionale per le Nuove Tecnologie, l’Energia e l’Ambiente (ENEA);
Institute of environmental sciences, Leiden University (CML);
Swedish Environmental Research Institute (IVL);
Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy (WI);
Division of Technology, Industry and Economics - United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP);
Institute for Environment and Sustainability (JRC IES);
School of Chemical Engineering Analytical Science – University of Manchester (UNIMAN);
Instituto Superior Tecnico, Technical University of Lisbon (IST);
European Science Foundation (ESF);
CRYSTAL FARADAY (CRYSTAL);
Institut für ökologische Wirtschaftsforschung gGmbH, (IÖW)
One important analytical tool among different Life-Cycle Approaches is Life Cycle Assessment as described and standardised by ISO. ISO has been the main driver for LCA diffusion, but it has limitations regarding empirical mechanisms, spatial/temporal aspects and economic/social parameters. To increase the efficacy of sustainability decision making, LCA has to take into account broader externalities, broader interrelations and different application/user needs. These often have conflicting requirements, like richer dynamic models, integration of environmental, economic, and social aspects, against simplicity, accessibility and user friendliness, etc.
CALCAS stands for Co-ordination Action for Innovation in Life-Cycle Analysis for Sustainability, it is funded within the 6th Research Programme of the European Union and aims to develop (ISO-) LCA by
“deepening” the present models and tools to improve their applicability in different contexts while increasing their reliability and usability
“broadening” the LCA scope by better incorporating sustainability aspects and linking to neighbouring models, to improve their significance
“leaping forward” by a revision/enrichment of foundations, through the crossing with other disciplines for sustainability evaluation.