Sub-project of the DFG Research Unit "Horizontal Europeanization"
The crisis of the European banking system, and of the Eurozone, and the economic crisis in some of the member states of the European Union have put the solidarity between the member states to a test. While many scientists and political actors assume that solidarity exists on the nation state level only and cannot be reached on a European level, other
scholars have contesting views. They suggest that the prerequisites for a European solidarity already exist, concluding that the process of deepening and democratization of the European Union can move forward. The present research takes these claims as a point of departure and explores the level of European solidarity and the factors influencing it. Thus, the
project poses the following two research questions:
A standardized survey conducted in five member states of the European Union will serve as the empirical basis for the research. We are thereby not interested in analyzing the social field of collective actors trying to create a new definition of transnational solidarity. Instead, we will analyze average citizens’ meaning of solidarity, and look at how the social space of solidarity is structured. Additionally, we will also explore to a certain extent how European solidarity related to national and global solidarity, in order to assess the fluidity of the phenomenon.