This project is an anthropological study of refugee solidarity sentiments and actions, in a Europe marked by xenophobic
anxieties and politics of fear. Drawing on the ethnographic analysis of refugee solidarity movements displayed around the
French-Italian border, this study explores multiple political subjectivities, intentions and repertoires of action embedded in the current rise of a "welcome culture" across the European territory. It seeks to engage with a reflection on the potentialities and limits of the idea of "affective politics", understood as a form of collective action that relies heavily on specific feelings or affects. Experiences and debates related to the French-Italian border | a paradigmatic case of the shifting nature of EU internal borders and, at the same time, a crucial stage for the enactment of solidarity practices and forms of dissent - serve as its vantage point. By focusing on the ways in which affective registers mobilize, transform or suspend social mobilisation, this research will advance theories of affect and collective action, enabling a deeper understanding of the complex set of conditions that shape contemporary forms of solidarity. At the same time, by analysing how grassroots solidarity practices are concretely built, performed or challenged, this project will reflect on how specific forms of engaged citizenship can enact alternative understanding of what "Europe" may mean or embody.