The research project focuses on the definition and implementation of intellectual property rights for technological innovations (patents) and traditional knowledge assets in areas of functionally limited statehood. Given the lack of sufficient public capacities, we assume that the implementation of relevant international conventions and treaties is shaped by networks consisting of International Organizations, government officials, and private actors both from industrialized and developing countries. To what extent does the structure of these policy networks determine the specific output of implementation processes? What is the impact of resource-based power asymmetries between the actors involved? Which governance modes are adopted? In order to answer these questions, our research project focuses on the implementation of two major international intellectual property regimes, namely the TRIPS agreement (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights) and the Convention on Biodiversity (CBD) provisions related to traditional knowledge.