71 Publikation(en)

Old powers, old paths, emerging participation? Irrigation Management in post-Soviet Azerbaijan

The objective of this study is to identify factors determining the performance of natural resource management by local users in a post-Soviet context, using the case of irrigation in Azerbaijan. By examining the activity of six water user associations (WUAs) and assessing the role played by the local environment in their success or failure, this study aims to contribute to a better understanding of constraints on modern irrigation management in a post-Soviet context. The study explores external variables for WUA performance in post-Soviet Azerbaijan. The research draws on theoretical insight from both collective action theory and historical institutionalism. In a first step, I ask the question of “How do water user associations in Azerbaijan perform? Are we looking at a 'story of success' or at a 'story of failure?” In a second step, the main research question - “How do external factors influence the performance of water user associations in Azerbaijan?” - is answered by applying a methodological framework to qualitative interview data generated in expert interviews. The results confirm the findings of previous studies that the post-Soviet context presents particular challenges to participatory irrigation management. Whereas the broader legal and policy environment seems to be favorable for WUA establishment, both formal and informal Soviet legacies can be identified as impeding factors. Old powers still prove to be in place, old paths still seem to play a role, and the emergence of farmer participation is slow and challenged by a number of constraints.

Erwartungen, Positionen und Konflikte der Ressourcenpolitik

Jacob, Klaus / Werland, Stefan / Münch, Lisa

Erschienen in:

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Expectations, positions and conflicts of resource policy

Jacob, Klaus / Werland, Stefan / Münch, Lisa

Erschienen in:


Trade and the environment. Framework and methods for impact assessment.

Ferretti, Johanna / Guske, Anna-Lena / Jacob, Klaus / Quitzow, Rainer

http://edocs.fu-berlin.de/docs/receive/F ...

This study provides an overview of existing approaches and methods for assessing the environmental impacts of trade and trade-related activities. It considers both approaches that are tailored to the assessment of trade-environment linkages and more generic approaches for environmental assessment and analyzes their respective usability in the context of trade-related development cooperation. The study thereby aims to contribute to a more extensive use of such tools, while improving the practice and application of environmental assessments of trade-related policies and programs. In doing so, the study will complement the existing study on the assessment of the socio-economic impacts from trade carried out by the Overseas Development Institute (ODI)1. The study is divided into two parts. Part I begins with a brief discussion on trade-related development cooperation followed by a short overview of the debate on trade, development and the environment. Next it provides an overview of existing approaches to conceptualizing environmental impacts from trade-related activities. After this, it provides a general introduction to impact assessment (IA) and the assessment of environmental impacts in this context. It closes with a brief overview of the assessment of environmental aspects in German development cooperation. Part II provides a more detailed review of existing frameworks and methods for assessing the environmental impacts from trade-related policies and programs.

Doitsu no Sengyōrei ni Manabu Toki (It is Time for Japan to Learn From Germany’s Example)

Schreurs, Miranda / Yoshida, Fumikazu

Op ed. Asahi Shimbun | 2012-09-21

Erschienen in:

The role of the state laboratories in multi-level climate policy research – considering India

The federal state of India is among the most vulnerable countries in the world with regard to climate change. Despite its low per capita emissions, India is the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases. Accordingly, the country’s domestic climate policy requires substantial problem solving capacities to respond to these huge challenges involving differ- ent levels of government. This paper considers the question of whether comparative cli- mate policy research should explore the role of India’s states in climate policy. Should state climate action in India be considered and even investigated through the “laboratories of experimentation” lens? By considering this question from a theoretical perspective, this paper aims at encouraging a more intense discussion of the topic. The paper presents a synopsis of the current state of research reviewing three strands of discussion: first, the laboratories of experimentation literature, second, comparative climate policy analysis dealing with the role of federal states in multi-level climate governance in the USA and Germany; and third, literature on the role of the Union states in India’s federal system. Moreover, to assess the scope for subnational state climate action, the institutional con- text of India’s multi-level climate governance structure is scrutinized. Using anecdotal ex- amples of progress in Indian states, the paper calls attention to important areas of re- search which appear to hold key information but have not yet been adequately explored. It concludes that there are good reasons to include India’s states in comparative subnational climate policy research and, in particular, for considering interstate competition as a po- tential driver behind subnational climate action and energy policy in India. Keywords: climate change policies, multi-level governance, bottom-up approaches, India, innovation policy, industrial policy

Bohr, Baby, Bohr! German Policies Support Enhanced Geothermal Drilling

Benjamin Miethling, Cory, Karlynn, Rickerson, Wilson

greentechmedia | 2012-06-19

Erschienen in:

http://www.greentechmedia.com/articles/r ...

Germany may have found the secret sauce that encourages new geothermal projects: policies that directly support drilling and financing the power plant—by lowering investor risks.

Synopse aktuell diskutierter Wohlfahrtsansätze und grüner Wachstumskonzepte

Meyer, Bernd / Diefenbacher, Hans / Zieschank, Roland / Ahlert, Gerd

http://edocs.fu-berlin.de/docs/servlets/ ...

Studie I im Rahmen des Projektes „Eckpunkte eines ökologisch tragfähigen Wohlfahrtskonzepts als Grundlage für umweltpolitische Innovations- und Transformationsprozesse“ für das Bundesumweltministerium (BMU) Eine Kurzfassung der Synopse des Projektes ist ebenfalls verfügbar unter: http://www.gws-os.com/de/images/publications/gws-paper12-4.pdf

Study-Tour: Deutsch-russische Energieeffizienz


Mez, Lutz / Sivakova-Kolb, Anja

Erschienen in:


The National Welfare Index as a Contribution to the Debate on a More Sustainable Economy

Zieschank, Roland / Diefenbacher, Hans

http://edocs.fu-berlin.de/docs/servlets/ ...

The task of reaching a more sustainable kind of economic process is narrowly related with a double problem: up to date most societies have pursued an explicit strategy of economic growth, although its successes are now disappearing and, at a closer look, its negative ecological and social side effects appear to be even growing. The first part of this article contrasts the ambiguity of the growth concept with a concept of social welfare, which aims at a more qualitative kind of growth, considering the available natural and social capital as well. It will become clear that even GDP as a traditional and politically crucial indicator for the success or failure of a country’s economic development necessarily gives ambiguous signals if one looks at this parameter of the national accounts by the light of a sustainable development. More recent calculations of the national welfare index for Germany (NWI) result in some interesting discussion lines: the aggregated progress of 19 variables shows an significant difference in its development: between 2000 and 2007, the NWI tends to fall in comparison with GDP/GNI (gross national income). This discrepancy is to be seen as evidence of the fact that there might be an increasing economic growth even without any improvement in welfare. Quite on the contrary, in the years 2008 – 2009 the NWI does not seem to follow the drastic collapse of GDP/GNI at the same pace. This article aims at providing an overview both of the social context in which NWI was created as a complementary reporting system integrating GDP/GNI and of its construction principles as well as of some results. From all this, some conclusions will be drawn about how the index can be helpful in the development of a more sustainable concept of welfare. For example, it will become understandable that improvements in welfare can be achieved even without economic growth. This process could go hand in hand with reflections on economic transformation and cultural change. It is all about future strategies allowing a reduction in the physical material and energy flux as well as in the negative impacts on ecosystems and nature due to economic activities, so that societies will profit from such change.

Seeing the Forest for the Trees: Drivers & Barriers for REDD

Reimer, Inken

FNI Climate Policy Perspectives 4 | 2012-05

Erschienen in:

http://www.fni.no/doc&pdf/FNI-Climate-Po ...

Approaching Rio + 20: a survey of positions and expectations of civil society organisations in six European countries on the Green Economy

Bär, Holger; Jacob, Klaus; Werland, Stefan


This report presents findings from an online survey and a number of expert interviews on the perspectives of European civil society on Sustainable Development and the Green Economy in the run-up to the 2012 UN Conference on Sustainable Development. The survey was sent out to civil society organisations in six selected European countries to gain a bet-ter understanding of their views on specific aspects of the Green Economy concept. In ad-dition to this, the data analysis allows us to compare respondents’ answers across different groups of civil society as well as between countries. The survey questions range from the definitional aspects of what the Green Economy is and what its elements are to the conflict dimensions identified in the first part of the study as well as the risks and opportunities seen in the Green Economy. Finally, it includes the questions what role governments should take and what policy and financing instruments should be used more widely in the transition to the Green Economy. The Green Economy concept is still an open concept and civil society groups are eager to weigh-in and help define its boundaries and key aspects. With this lack of clarity come many concerns, both internationally as well as on the European level, that the Green Economy could be ‘just a greened capitalism’ that allows for ‘greenwashing’ and ‘social greenwashing’. A large majority of respondents say that the concept should be based on a three-pillar ap-proach, while questions remain concerning the extent of the social dimension of the Green Economy. Trade unions emphasize the need for better working conditions and international standards, for example by implementing social protection floors. This question in particu-lar is connected to the European debate and the relationship between the Europe 2020 strategy and its flagship initiative on resource efficiency, and the European Sustainable Development Strategy (EUSDS). Unions and environmental groups fear that the EUSDS might be replaced by the ‘narrower’ Europe 2020 strategy that, in their view, lacks a strong social dimension. The social partners agree that the greening of the economy should be a consensus-based approach that includes all sectors and rejects a view that distinguishes between ‘brown’ and ‘green’ sectors of the economy. There are more diverse views on the questions of what role governments should play and what instruments they should use. Respondents agree that national governments should provide framework conditions and economic incen-tives to businesses and support research and development for green technologies. Beyond that, there is still disagreement within civil society sectors along with significant differ-ences in the member states over what instruments should or should not be used. Similarly, there are differences regarding the question of how much the government should get in-volved in the development of the economy and if there should be an active de-growth of certain polluting sectors. What respondents generally seem to agree on is that the European Economic and Social Committee can and should play a significant role in providing a forum to bring European civil society together and build consensus, to help civil society’s views be heard in EU poli-cymaking and to work to ensure the EU acts as a role model in the transition to a Green Economy. This report aims to make a contribution to this endeavour.

Sustainability in Impact Assessments: A Review of Impact Assessment Systems in selected OECD countries and the European Commission

Jacob, Klaus; Ferretti, Johanna; Guske, Anna-Lena

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) | 2012-02-21

Erschienen in:


Dynamic governance of clean-energy markets: how technical innovation could accelerate climate policies


Jänicke, Martin

This article explores the governmental means to accelerate technical progress in climate protection. It is based on selected "best practice" cases in which the diffusion of low-carbon technologies has been accelerated by ambitious policies. The empirical cases involve not just renewable energies, but also energy efficiency (the latter being considered more difficult in terms of governance). The examples are taken from advanced OECD countries as well as from emerging economies. This article will explore, which factors have caused this dynamic development. The conclusion reached will show that the interaction of positive feedback mechanisms - which has already been described as "virtuous cycle" - provides only a plausible theoretical explanation, if the policy cycle is added to the market cycle and the innovation cycle. Climate policy should not only define ambitious targets but also address all three feedback mechanisms.

Midori no sangyō kakumei


Schreurs, Miranda A. / Jacob, Klaus / Jänicke, Martin / Nagao, Shinichi

Shōwadō | 2012

Erschienen in:

http://www.bk1.jp/trcno/12040167/?partne ...

Norwegen – „Batterie“ der deutschen Energiewende?

Schreurs, Miranda A. / Ohlhorst, Dörte / Gullberg, Anne Therese

oekom Verlag | 2012

Josei ga seiji o kaeru toki


Schreurs, Miranda A. / Igarashi, Akio

Iwanami Shoten | 2012

Erschienen in:

Jyosei ga Seiji o Kaeru Toki: Giin, Shicho, Jichi no Shiten


Miranda Schreurs

Iwanami Shoten | 2012

Erschienen in:

Rio +20: Assessing Progress to Date and Future Challenges

Miranda Schreurs, Schreurs, Miranda A.

The Journal of Environment & Development (JED), Volume 21, No. 1, 2012 pp. 32-35 | 2012

Erschienen in:

Sustainable Development Post Rio+20: What Lies Ahead?

Miranda Schreurs, Schreurs, Miranda A.

International Sustainable Development Research Society | 2012

Issue 2, ISDRS Newsletter, 2012

Breaking the impasse on global environmental protection


Schreurs, Miranda A.

Edward Elgar | 2012

Balancing Renewable Electricity: Energy Storage, Demand Side Management and Network Extension from an Interdisciplinary Perspective

11_schreurs_balancing renewable electricity

Miranda Schreurs, Droste-Franke, Bert / Paal, Boris / Rehtanz, Christian / Sauer, Dirk Uwe / Schneider, Jens-Peter / Ziesemerm, Thomas / Schreurs, Miranda A,

Springer | 2012

Erschienen in:

Business as Unusual: Views from Industry - Toyota, Port of Rotterdam and Maersk

Schreurs, Miranda A.

The Hague: Eleven International Publishing 2012. pp. 179-196 | 2012

Nukleare Entsorgung: Ein "wicked" und höchst konfliktbehaftetes Gesellschaftsproblem

Brunnengräber, Achim / Mez, Lutz / Di Nucci, Maria Rosaria / Schreurs, Miranda A.

Institut für Technikfolgenabschätzung und Systemanalyse (ITAS), | 2012

http://www.itas.fzk.de/tatup/123/brua12a ...

Governance for Sustainable Development in the German Bundesländer


Jörgensen, Kirsten

Palgrave Macmillan | 2012

Country policy assessment report on bioenergy: Sweden.

Eriksson, Hillevi / Niemi Hjulfors, Lena / Parikka, Matti / Krug, Michael

Erschienen in:

http://www.bioenergypromotion.net/projec ...

Bonus schemes and progressive electricity tariffs as instruments to promote sustainable electricity consumption in private households

Brohmann, Bettina / Dehmel, Christian / Fuchs, Doris / Mert, Wilma / Schreuer, Anna / Tews, Kerstin

München: Oekom Verlag; Results of Social-ecological Research, Volume 14 | 2012

Environmental Governance in Global Perspective: new Approaches to Ecological and Political Modernisation

Jänicke, Martin / Jacob, Klaus

Shandong University Press | 2012

Erschienen in:

Chinesische Übersetzung der 2006 erschienenen Veröffentlichung Environmental Governance in Global Perspective - New Approaches to Ecological and Political Modernisation.

Societal steering of consumption towards sustainability

Kaufmann-Hayoz, Ruth / Brohmann, Bettina / Defila, Rico / Di Giulio, Antonietta / Dunkelberg, Elisa / Erdmann, Lorenz / Fuchs, Doris / Gölz, Sebastian / Homburg, Andreas / Matthies, Ellen / Nachreiner, Malte/ Tews, Kerstin / Weiß, Julika

München: Oekom Verlag; Results of Social-ecological Research, Volume 14 | 2012

Sustainable electricity consumption in German households.Framework conditions for political interventions

Brohmann, Bettina /Bürger, Veit / Dehmel, Christian / Fuchs, Doris / Hamenstädt, Ulrich / Krömker, Dörthe / Schneider, Volker / Tews, Kerstin

München: Oekom Verlag; Results of Social-ecological Research, Volume 14 | 2012

Policy Assessment: The state of the art

Adelle, Camilla / Weiland, Sabine

Historical Benefit and Contemporary Approaches to Sustainable (Low Carbon)Urban Transport in Japan

Styczynski, Annika

Global Transport Knolwedge Practice (gtkp) of the International Road Federation | 2012

Erschienen in:

The LIAISE approach for co-designing knowledge on impact assessment tools

Jacques Jansen, Camilla Adelle, Jacopo Crimi, Jan Dick, Katharina Helming, Klaus Jacob, Sander Janssen, Andrew Jordan, Aranka Podhora, Stefan Reis, Onno Roosenschoon, Sanna-Riikka Saarela, Tarja Söderman, John Turnpenny, Sabine Weiland, Jan-Erik Wien

Erschienen in:

http://www.liaise-noe.eu/system/files/LI ...

Möglichkeiten und Hemmnisse zur Berücksichtigung von Umweltbelangen im Folgenabschätzungssystem der EU

Ferretti, Johanna; Podhora, Aranka; Weingarten, E. et al.

UVP-Report | 2012

Erschienen in:

Governance by Diffusion: Exploring a New Mechanism of International Policy Coordination


Busch, Per-Olof / Jörgens, Helge

Cheltenham: Edward Elgar | 2012

Vergesst Rio plus 20

Brunnengräber, Achim / Haas, Tobias


Bunnengräber, Achim / Dietz, Kristina

Fünf Thesen für eine transformative Anpassungspolitik

Brunnengräber, Achim / Dietz, Christina

Organizational Change in International Bureaucracies (im Erscheinen)

Bauer, Michael W. / Jörgens, Helge / Knill, Christoph

Boulder: Lynne Rienner | 2012

Der ,Nationale Wohlfahrtsindex' als Beitrag zur Diskussion um eine nachhaltigere Ökonomie

Ökonomie der Nachhaltigkeit

Zieschank, Roland / Diefenbacher, Hans

Marburg: Metropolis Verlag | 2012