This Working Paper Series represents the most recent research approaches concerning social, political, cultural and economic transformations in the region and beyond. Contributions ranging from the field of area studies to comparative, gender, as well as peace and conflict studies, offer a critical and empirically grounded understanding of prevailing issues in these fields of study.
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Newly established constitutional courts are often perceived as important actors in democratization processes. The Supreme Constitutional Court (SCC) of Egypt differs from these newly established courts, as it was created under authoritarian rule in 1971 and has played an important, albeit ambivalent role in Egypt´s political system. After the toppling of President Mubarak, the Court has not been abolished despite the suspension of the constitution of 1971. [more]
This publication is based on the proceedings of an international conference entitled ‘Arab Revolutions and Beyond: Change and Persistence’, which was held in the framework of a multilateral project called ‘Challenges and Transformations in the Wake of the Arab Spring’ (2012-2014). The project is funded by the DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) and based upon the longstanding partnership between Cairo University in Egypt and Freie Universität Berlin in Germany. [more]
The recent upheavals in the Arab world have challenged both statist and centrist assumptions of Middle Eastern politics. New social movements in the urban centres, virtual networks as well as actors and actions from the so-called periphery have changed the political landscape of the region within months. Still, these developments are rooted in long-term processes. [more]
From day one, the Egyptian uprising in 2011 has been called a „youth revolution“. While young educated Egyptians indeed were at the forefront of the protests on January 25, an exclusively agecentred perspective is insufficient for grasping the meaning of the events. Rather than focusing purely on a specific age group I conceive of „youthfulness“ as a broader social construct. [more]
The Working Paper explores how transnational migrants from Indonesia relate to dominant discourses in the context of labour migration. It analyses three biographical-narrative interviews with migrants after their return to East Java, Indonesia. The analysed processes of subjectification take place in a context of the control of mobility:... [more]
This paper examines the ways in which the denotation of Israel as an Apartheid regime, and the southafrican Anti-Apartheid struggle have developed into constitutive elements of the collective interpretive frame of palestinian resistance activists. Assuming theories on the diffusion of ideas between different social movements, the process of transferral is divided into five aspects... [more]
Different camps create different meanings when speaking about the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. This Working Paper analyses and inteprets threads of discourse by employing a frame analysis which examines both apparant patterns in a deductive and theory in an inductive approach. [more]
The Tunisian uprisings are considered to be the ignition point of change in the Arab World while they have also provoked a debate about new forms of activism online. This Working Paper will broach the question in what way the use of New Media has contributed to these uprisings. A special interest is laid in the use of facebook and twitter. Web-based data-analysis, starting in early January 2011 and guided interviews... [more]
This paper assesses and offers an overview of the protest movement that followed the 2009 Jeddah floods through the scope of social movement theory. After introducing the key debates to the field of political participation and protest, I argue that the recent proliferation of scholarship on political protest in Saudi Arabia has focused too much on movements that either seek to topple the government or act within... [more]
This paper investigates the interaction of protest and repression, drawing on Islamist protests and state repression in Tunisia and Algeria in the early 1990s. Putting the findings from large-n quantitative studies to the test in a case-centric design, it identifies serious shortcomings in current, largely static, approaches and proposes a shift towards a dynamic understanding of the relationship between protest and repression... [more]
It was the sudden resurgence of violence in 2006 that brought Southeast Asia’s newest nation, East Timor, back to the forefront of public attention, and spotlighted the role of youth gangs as main perpetrators of street violence in East Timor’s capital Dili. Based on fieldwork conducted in 2007, this paper challenges conventional myths about an aggressive East Timorese ‘youth bulge’ by using theoretical notions on the... [more]
The timing and dynamics of recent unrests in the Arab World have posed a challenge - empirically, analytically as well as politically. Situated in this period of uncertainty, where conventional categories of analysis and perception are being questioned, the contributions in this paper aim to draw new perspectives for political science from the debate. They are connected by a common search for politics 'from below',... [more]