Environmental Governance in Global Perspective. New Approaches to Ecological Modernisation.
Jänicke, Martin / Jacob, Klaus (Eds.) – 2006
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Environmental Governance in Global Perspective: New Approaches to Ecological and Political Modernisation is a collection of recent studies by scholars from the Environmental Policy Research Centre at the Freie Universität Berlin on the occasion of its 20th anniversary. It provides an overview on research on recent trends in ecological modernisation, the role of pioneer countries in international policy development and the diffusion of policy innovations. This volume aims to take stock of the work of the Environmental Policy Research Centre and at the same time outlines a future research program. It aims to give both academics and practitioners insights into the state of the art of environmental policy analysis and of the performance of the Environmental Policy Research Centre at its 20th anniversary, about its achievements and the way ahead. The first section (Ecological Modernisation and the Role of Pioneer Countries) gives an overview on recent research on the potentials for and barriers to an ecological modernisation of the economy and the special role of pioneering countries. In his overview article “Ecological Modernisation: New Perspectives” Martin Jänicke analyses recent processes of political modernisation asking how these innovations work within the logic of ecological modernisation. In the following chapter by Martin Jänicke and Klaus Jacob, the emergence of lead markets for environmental innovations are examined as an interplay between innovation and diffusion of policies and technologies. Innovations are often stimulated by pioneers of environmental policy. Frequently, they are setting the trends and the pace for the international processes of modernisation. In the subsequent chapter, Martin Jänicke analyses such trend setters, their potentials for action and the impacts of pioneering countries. The chapter by Jacob and Volkery explores methods of statistical modelling to represent and analyse the capacities of pioneer countries in a comparative perspective. Section 2 is dedicated to the diffusion of environmental policy innovations. Kerstin Tews takes stock of several major research projects in this field and develops a new research agenda for fruitful future activities in this area. The chapter by Per-Olof Busch et al. provides an empirical overview- for a large number of policy innovations -of the diffusion processes between countries . Manfred Binder critically assesses the notion of diffusion in a cross-country comparison. Kirsten Jörgensen focuses on processes of diffusion on the sub-national level, comparing the Länder in Germany and the Federal States in the USA. Section 3 is dedicated to the Greening of Energy Policies. The comparative analysis of energy policies and the potentials for Environmental Policy Integration in this field have been a longstanding subject of research at the FFU. The contribution by Tews and Binder, gives overview of CO2 reduction targets within the ANNEX 1 countries and assess whether these objectives have so far led to effective activities. Mez describes the concept of ecological tax reforms from a comparative perspective. Lutz Mez and Annette Piening analysing the negotiation of the nuclear power phase out in Germany, which can be perceived as a rare example of an organised transition of an economic sector. Section 4 is devoted to the analysis of innovations in governance. Martin Jänicke and Helge Jörgens develop an overview and a systematisation of environmental policy since the Rio Summit in 1992. Axel Volkery et al. present a study on strategies for sustainable development in a 19-countries comparison. The chapter by Klaus Jacob and Axel Volkery provides reviews instruments and strategies to integrate environmental concerns in the various fields of policy making and analyses their application in the OECD. The final section focuses on the international level of environmental policy making: The chapter by Steffen Bauer explores the bureaucratic authority of international treaty secretariats in global environmental politics. Philipp Pattberg analyses the growing importance of NGOs in international environmental policy. Finally, Stefan Lindemann compares a large number of water regimes in terms of their design, their scope and their effectiveness.