Strategic planning – designing and implementing effective and reflexive strategies Governments increasingly adopt strategies or strategic approaches to achieve specific goals. In particular in the domain of environmental policy, traditional approaches of policy making, such as regulation or spending programs are increasingly complemented by strategic approaches. Based on an empirical analysis of environmental strategies in Germany, and based on an international comparative analysis of strategies for sustainable development the following questions are addressed in the talk:
- What is the rationale behind this development? Are strategies replacing “hard” policies or is this trend indicating a new form of governance?
- What are the potential impacts of strategies? Strategies appear as especially useful to coordinate different actors, but what can be realistically expected?
- What are characteristics and features of strategies? Are strategies foremost papers and declarations?
- What processes and tools are being used to develop strategies?
The talk aims to explore the potentials and limits as well as the features of environmental strategies to overcome problems of stalemates in environmental policy, and in coordinating and integrating different issue areas. It is of particular interest, how strategies ensure the constancy with other, potentially competing environmental goals, and what tools can be used for this.