Gender Equality: The EU Script and its Support by European Citizens
News from Jun 19, 2009
Gerhards, Jürgen, Sylvia Kämpfer & Mike S. Schäfer. 2009. “Gender Equality: The EU Script and its Support by European Citizens” Sociology 43(3): 515-534. (DOI: 10.1177/0038038509103206)
The article analyses attitudes of European citizens towards gender equality. It describes how the EU script on gender relations emphasizes gender equality. Subsequently, the article analyses the extent to which citizens of different European countries agree with this idea, based on Eurobarometer data.The analyses show a strong overall support for gender equality in the economic, political, and educational realms, but also differences between countries. In explaining these differences, we go beyond other studies not only by concentrating on endogenous characteristics of the analysed countries, but also by taking into account their levels of modernization, institutionalized gender regimes, and religious composition. Moreover, following neo-institutionalist theory, we include an exogenous variable - the influence of the EU - in multi-level analyses and can show that, in addition to all endogenous variables, it also has an effect on attitudes towards gender relations.