News vom 06.11.2019
This article concentrates on the pathway from collective identities to the integration of core state powers. First, we focus on the European experience. We argue that elite identities have been crucial for the evolution of European integration. With regard to mass public opinion, European integration has been enabled by the permissive consensus of EU citizens with inclusive national identities. Most recently, the politicization of EU affairs in many member states has been driven by populist forces mobilizing minorities with exclusive nationalist identities. Second, we discuss the extent to which insights from Europe travel to other world regions. Elites involved in region‐building almost always develop identity narratives linking their national experience to the respective regions. Moreover, evidence suggests that the difference between inclusive national identities and exclusive nationalist identifications also travels beyond Europe.