This short, argumentative paper reflects the necessity and the spectrum of possible modes of policy intervention for sustainable resource use. The focus is on material productivity and its environmental, economic and employment advantages. A variety of possible interventions along the supply chain is being discussed. A new phenomenon of “policy acceleration” is described using the “experiment” of climate policy in Germany as an example. Are there lessons to be drawn from climate policy? It is time for a more ambitious policy. However, taking the complexity of material flow management into account trial and error still may be important.